Definition. The similarity-attraction effect refers to the widespread tendency of people to be attracted to others [Page 876]who are similar to themselves in important respects. Attraction means not strictly physical attraction but, rather, liking for or wanting to be around the person.
How does similarity lead to attraction?
The results of the meta-analysis indicated that both actual similarity and perceived similarity had a large effect on attraction overall. In other words, when participants in research studies had actual things in common with partners and were more similar to them, they found that partner more attractive.
How does the attraction theory work?
The attraction theory theorizes that human beings are attracted to one another based on four specific factors: appearance, proximity, similarity, and rewards. These factors have been found to influence our desire to establish and maintain relationships with people, and influence the way we communicate with them.
What are the 5 theories of attraction?
They include physical attractiveness, proximity, similarity, and reciprocity: Physical attractiveness: Research shows that romantic attraction is primarily determined by physical attractiveness.
In social psychology, the theory of attraction describes why we feel attracted to certain people and how we choose friends. … Instead, we compare our rating with those of other people, and tend to become friends with people who get similar attraction scores to our own.
What are the theories of interpersonal attraction?
The four theories of interpersonal attraction are: the Social Exchange Theory, Equity Theory, Evolutionary Theory, and the Attachment Theory.
What is similarity theory in psychology?
Similarity/attraction theory posits that people like and are attracted to others who are similar, rather than dissimilar, to themselves; “birds of a feather,” the adage goes, “flock together.” Social scientific research has provided considerable support for tenets of the theory since the mid-1900s.
What is the similarity thesis?
The similarity thesis states that similarities form the basis of relationships. … Some relationships are based on the economic model, called Social Exchange Theory, that we seek out people that can give us benefits, or rewards, while minimizing costs which are undesirable outcomes.
Why is similarity attractive?
Instances of interpersonal similarity function as rewarding stimuli, which leads people to associate positive feelings with similar others, which in turn leads people to be more attracted to similar others.
Social psychological approaches
Similarity refers to personality, attitudes, values, interests, and attraction shared between to individuals.
Who made the similarity attraction theory?
The theory that similarities or sameness attracts has been formalized in research since the mid-1900s. Researchers Ellen Berscheid and Elaine Hatfield conducted research in 1969 that showed participants were more likely to desire a relationship with those that were seen to share attitudes.
What are the 3 theories of attraction?
The three main types of attraction are: physical attraction, or being attracted to someone based on their physical looks or features; social attraction, which involves being attracted to someone based on their personality; and task attraction, which involves being attracted to someone based on their abilities.
What are the main types of attraction?
Alongside sexual attraction is romantic attraction, physical attraction, emotional attraction and aesthetic attraction. Each is entirely different, and though you may feel each of them for one person, you may feel them each for someone different. They’re also not entirely up to you.