What determines whether the electrostatic force between two charged particles is attractive or repulsive?

The electric force between charged bodies at rest is conventionally called electrostatic force or Coulomb force. … If the charges have the same sign, the electrostatic force between them is repulsive; if they have different signs, the force between them is attractive.

How do you know if an electric force is attractive or repulsive?

The Coulomb force between two or more charged bodies is the force between them due to Coulomb’s law. If the particles are both positively or negatively charged, the force is repulsive; if they are of opposite charge, it is attractive.

What makes a force attractive or repulsive?

If both the interacting particles are positively or negatively charged, then the force is repulsive. If both the interacting particles are of opposite charges then the force is attractive in nature. Coulomb’s law describes this nature of electric charges.

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What determines electrostatic attraction?

The charge and size of a ligand atom and/or metal ion can effect the electrostatic attraction between the two, in turn effecting the attractive force between metal and ligand. This comes from Coulomb’s Law. In general, the higher the charge, the stronger the attraction between metal and ligand.

On what factors does the electrostatic force between two charges depend?

The electrostatic force between two charges depend on the following factors; value of charges on them, distance between them, and. nature of medium between them.

What factors affect electric force between two objects?

As we’ll discuss in this lesson, he found that the force between charged particles was dependent on only two factors: the distance between the particles and the amount of electric charge that they carried.

Is the force between two like masses attractive or repulsive?

Like charges repel each other; unlike charges attract. Thus, two negative charges repel one another, while a positive charge attracts a negative charge. The attraction or repulsion acts along the line between the two charges. The size of the force varies inversely as the square of the distance between the two charges.

What is meant by electrostatic force?

Electrostatic forces are non-contact forces; they pull or push on objects without touching them. Rubbing some materials together can result in something called ‘charge’ being moved from one surface to the other. Charged objects pull on other uncharged objects and may either push or pull on other charged objects.

How are electrostatic force and charge related?

Explanation: Electrostatic force is directly related to the charge of each object. So if the charge of one object is doubled, then the force will become two times greater.

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What causes electrostatic force?

We know that positive and negative charges interact with each other. But the strength of this interaction is measured by the size of the electrostatic force. This force is caused by both the size of the electric charges and the distance between the charges.

What happens to the force acting between the charged particles if the distance between these charge?

Explanation: The force between the two charges is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. Hence, if distance between charges is halved (charges remaining kept constant), the force between the two charges is quadrupled.

How are ions attracted to each other with electrostatic forces?

Ions are atoms or molecules which are electrically charged. Cations are positively charged and anions carry a negative charge. … These oppositely charged ions attract each other to form ionic networks (or lattices). Electrostatics explains why this happens: opposite charges attract and like charges repel.

What factors affect the direction of the electrostatic force?

The direction of the electrical force is dependent upon whether the charged objects are charged with like charge or opposite charge and upon their spatial orientation. By knowing the type of charge on the two objects, the direction of the force on either one of them can be determined with a little reasoning.

Does electrostatic force depend on medium?

Magnitude of electrostatic force due to one point charge on other point charge does not depend on medium in which both of them are placed.

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What does the electrostatic force do inside the nucleus?

Electrostatic forces inside the nucleus will try to push away the protons that are held together.