Kenya’s marine and coastal resources are subject to increasing environmental impacts from coastal tourism, including overuse or overharvesting of resources, sewage and oil pollution, diminishing fresh water supply, solid waste pollution, deforestation, declining energy supplies, air pollution, and siltation.
What are the negative impacts of tourism?
Tourism often puts pressure on natural resources through over-consumption, often in places where resources are already scarce. Tourism puts enormous stress on local land use, and can lead to soil erosion, increased pollution, natural habitat loss, and more pressure on endangered species.
What are the problems of tourism in Kenya?
In 1969 the government formulated a policy paper (Sessional Paper No. 8) on the development of tourism in Kenya which defined the direction of growth and targets for the industry (Akama, 1999, Ikiara, 2001, Ouma, 1982).
What is the impact of tourism on Kenya?
Tourism in Kenya is a source of foreign exchange and income for the government. This helps reduce dependence on other sectors such as agriculture, which are subject to weather and market conditions that can often be unpredictable. In the past, up to 21% of Kenya’s national income has been derived from tourism.
What are the negative effects of tourism on the economy?
One of the most significant negative economic impacts of tourism is the decline in traditional employment which happens when workers move from industries such as farming, mining and fishing into service jobs in the tourism industry. Another negative impact of tourism is over-dependency.
What are positive and negative effects of tourism?
This is because they involve providing a service to other people.
Positive and negative impacts of tourism.
|New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals, eg new roads||Overcrowding and traffic jams|
|Greater demand for local food and crafts||Prices increase in local shops as tourists are often more wealthy than the local population|
What are the negative impacts of tourism on culture and society?
The intrusion of outsiders in the area may disturb the local culture and create unrest. The local people may copy the lifestyles of tourists through the demonstration effect, and the result could be the loss of native customs and traditions.
What is the biggest negative of tourism in Kenya?
Negatives of tourism
1. Foreign companies may bring foreign workers to do the skilled jobs; so local people only do low skilled, poorly paid work. 2. Important projects for local communities might be side lined as infrastructure developments are focused on tourists.
Is tourism good or bad for Kenya?
Kenya has recently become a major tourist destination for a variety of reasons. Kenya is located in mid-eastern Africa, meaning that it has a tropical climate. … Increased tourism in the area also promotes awareness and understanding of the culture and endangered wildlife in the game reserves.
What are problems of tourism industry?
Top challenges confronting tourism are taxation, travel marketing, infrastructure issues, and security and cross border regulations. Too many tourism destinations are not prepared for visitors. Tourists or travelers can at times deem travel marketing to be exaggerated.
What is the impact of tourism industry?
The tourism industry has contributed to the economic growth of a country through factors like industrialization, education, advanced technology, a higher number of qualified professionals, opening up of foreign markets, liberal trade policies, and better advertising and strategic marketing.
What are the economic impacts of tourism?
The economic effects of tourism include improved tax revenue and personal income, increased standards of living, and more employment opportunities. Sociocultural impacts are associated with interactions between people with differing cultural backgrounds, attitudes and behaviors, and relationships to material goods.
These negative social impacts include; social change; changing values; increased crime and gambling; changes in moral behaviour; changes in family structure and roles; problems with the tourist-host relationship and the destruction of heritage.
How can the negative impact of tourism be overcome?
Here are a few things to consider:
- Take Fewer Flights & Reduce Your Creation of Carbon. …
- Offset Your Carbon. …
- Bring Your Own Waste-Free Tools. …
- Use Public Transportation & Walk/Bike. …
- Choose Eco-Friendly Activities & Tour Operators. …
- Book Eco-Lodging & Stay in Sustainable Resorts/Airbnbs. …
- Support Local People & Businesses.
Social Effects — Negative
For example, crowding and congestion, drugs and alcohol problems, prostitution and increased crime levels can occur. Tourism can even infringe on human rights, with locals being displaced from their land to make way for new hotels or barred from beaches.