Force of attraction is medium in liquids, their particles are packed quite loosely, their are some intermolecular spaces just because of somewhat weak forces of attraction, that’s why liquids can flow. Force of attraction is minimum in gases, their particles are packed loosely and they can move here and there.
What are the forces of attraction in a solid liquid and gas?
Intermolecular forces are weaker attractions that hold molecules or noble gas particles close together when they are in a liquid or solid form. Gas particles have broken away from the intermolecular forces that hold liquids and solids together. An alternative name for intermolecular forces is the van der Waals forces.
What is the force of attraction of a liquid?
In a liquid, intermolecular attractive forces hold the molecules in contact, although they still have sufficient KE to move past each other. Intermolecular attractive forces, collectively referred to as van der Waals forces, are responsible for the behavior of liquids and solids and are electrostatic in nature.
What has the strongest force of attraction solid liquid or gas?
As the temperature continues to drop, the matter forms a solid. Due to the solid’s low kinetic energy, particles have no “time” to move around, the particles have more “time” to be attracted. Therefore, solids have the strongest intramolecular forces (because they have the strongest attraction).
What is the force of attraction between particles called?
Solution: The force of attraction between the molecules of matter is called the intermolecular force of attraction. It is maximum in solids, less in liquid and least in gases.
What is force of attraction?
a force between two bodies, molecules, particles, or the like, that attracts each to the other. … Gravity is the force of attraction between two bodies that have mass.
Why are the intermolecular attractive forces stronger in liquids and solids than they are in gases?
Why are the intermolecular attractive forces stronger in liquids and solids than they are in gases? Intermolecular attractions rapidly become weaker as the distance between the molecules becomes larger. On average, gas molecules are far apart. On average, liquid and solid molecules are close together.
What is the force of attraction in gas?
Gas In a gas, particles are in continual straight-line motion. The kinetic energy of the molecule is greater than the attractive force between them, thus they are much farther apart and move freely of each other. In most cases, there are essentially no attractive forces between particles.
What process is solid to gas?
sublimation, in physics, conversion of a substance from the solid to the gaseous state without its becoming liquid. An example is the vaporization of frozen carbon dioxide (dry ice) at ordinary atmospheric pressure and temperature. The phenomenon is the result of vapour pressure and temperature relationships.
How do gases differ from liquids?
liquid: Has a definite volume, but take the shape of the container. gas: Has no definite shape or volume.
Does gas have strong intermolecular forces?
In gases, the intermolecular forces are negligible (extremely weak), and the constituent particles are free to move. As a result, gases, can occupy any space available to them.”
How is the intermolecular force of attraction in liquids different from that in gases?
The molecules of a gas move apart when they collide. The average kinetic energy of the particles in a liquid (or solid) is small enough that the forces of attraction between them is sufficient to hold the particles close together. The molecules in a liquid (or solid) do not move apart.
When a liquid changes to a gas What is the attraction between particles?
As a gas at 22400 ml it increases its volume by 1244.4 times. The attraction of the particles between the water molecules stays the same regardless of the physical state of the water, solid, liquid or gas. The difference is the kinetic energy of the molecules.
What is the force of attraction between two or more different water molecules called this is a type of intermolecular force?
The attraction between individual water molecules creates a bond known as a hydrogen bond.